Varicose veins are a condition that affects many people around the world. This condition is mainly characterized by dark, swollen veins. The veins can look purple or dark blue under the skin. Varicose veins usually affect the thighs, calves and feet. This condition develops when blood does not flow properly through the veins. There are two main categories of this condition. These are the superficial and deep varicose veins. Read on to learn the symptoms and varicose veins treatment.
The symptoms of varicose veins
One of the symptoms of varicose veins is an aching or throbbing feeling in the affected areas, for example, the legs. One may also experience itching or swelling in the affected areas. Moreover, the affected areas can develop bulging veins or lumps. Some people only develop the swollen veins without any pain or itching at all. Varicose veins make the legs look sickly and painful to touch. The veins swell out and can cover a large area of the legs or thighs. Many women with this condition are afraid to wear short skirts due to the visual effects of varicose veins.
Diagnosis of this condition
When you walk into a doctor’s office, the first thing that they do is conduct an examination of the affected areas. After this, they will ask about the symptoms you have. If you are in pain or your varicose veins are severe, the doctor can refer you to a vascular surgeon. This is a surgeon who specializes in correcting the conditions that affect blood vessels.
In some cases of varicose veins, the valves can get damaged. There are some special tests that the doctor can conduct to find out if your valves are damaged. One of these is the Doppler test. This is a test where the doctor inserts an instrument into the veins to find out if the blood flow is normal.
Treatment for varicose veins
One of the common methods to treat varicose veins is compression stockings. These are specially constructed stockings that can be worn all day. They work by squeezing your legs. They promote proper blood flow in the veins. Compression stockings have different levels of pressure. As such, there are some with little pressure for mild varicose veins and others with a lot of pressure for severe varicose veins.
If your varicose veins are severe, the doctor can perform sclerotherapy on you. This procedure is applied to varicose veins that are small or medium in size. In this procedure, the doctor injects a solution into the veins that scars and closes them. Over time, the closed vein should fade away. This treatment can be applied on a vein more than once. It is non-invasive and does not require any anaesthetic. There is effective varicose veins treatment to restore youthful, smooth legs.